Mr Mitja Hegler
T: +386 1 479 65 91
Kazakhstan has expressed support for the Mine Action Treaty’s humanitarian objectives, but has previously cited the perceived need for antipersonnel mines to protect its border as the reasons it has not yet joined. In May 2011, Kazakhstan said that “Taking into account its close proximity to unstable regions and existing threat of international terrorism, Kazakhstan, while addressing the issues related to landmines, proceeds from the necessity to reconcile the interests of national security and economic potential of the State and humanitarian aspects as well«.
Although there is no official statistics available, Kazakhstan has large amount of outdated, unserviceable and hazardous for storage ammunition left behind after collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. These stockpiles of obsolete ammunition are stored in a variety of military warehouses with weak storage conditions and which are not always properly managed, secured or guarded, what altogether presents a substantial threat to the human security that shall be removed.
Until today, Small Arms Survey has documented 5 unplanned explosions at munitions sites in Kazakhstan which occurred between 2001 and 2015.
What we do
The exposure within the Central Asian region, including Afghanistan, to wider explosive hazards is acknowledged. This continued threat fosters various negative implications, from safety, security, humanitarian development and impacts on confidence and security building processes. Thus, ITF is since 2009 supporting the Central Asia states in addressing the concerns and challenges stemming from explosive hazards (EH) through regional technical cooperation in which initiative Kazakhstan is actively engaged.
In addition ITF has in April 2016 signed a bilateral Protocol on Cooperation, aiming to reduce the treats to human security posed by large amount of obsolete ammunition.